Reference to the European Court of Justice

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Practice notes
Did the claimant consent to the risk of injury?The essence of a defence of volenti non fit injuria (‘to a willing person, no injury is done’) is that...
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19th May
Practice notes
What is fundamental dishonesty?This Practice Note considers fundamental dishonesty both in the context of section 57 of the Criminal Justice and...
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19th May
Practice notes
The employer’s duty of careOverriding dutiesAt common law, an employer is under a duty to take reasonable care of the health and safety of its...
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19th May
Practice notes
Future loss of earnings—personal injury claimsNOTE: On 15 July 2019, at the conclusion of the first review of the discount rate, the Lord Chancellor...
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19th May
Practice notes
Vicarious liability in the course of employment—the close connection testTo identify the circumstances in which a court may find an employer to be...
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Produced in partnership with Andrew Wilson 19th May
Practice notes
Product liability—claims in negligenceThe duty of careThe general principles of negligence apply, namely that the claimant has to establish that the...
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19th May
Practice notes
Interest on general damages, special damages and judgment debtInterest on general damagesEntitlementA claimant is entitled to simple interest at a...
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19th May
Practice notes
Bringing a claim against a public authority in negligence—basis of dutyWhen will a public authority owe a duty of care?The Supreme Court considered...
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19th May
Practice notes
Untraced drivers and the role of the MIB—for accidents occurring on or after 1 March 2017NOTE: For accidents after 1 March 2017 the Motor Insurers'...
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19th May
Practice notes
The court’s power to extend the time limit—section 33 of the Limitation Act 1980The Limitation Act 1980 is referred to as LA 1980.The power to...
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19th May
Practice notes
Quantifying damages for the estate under the Law Reform ActWhat can be claimed by the estate under the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act...
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19th May
Practice notes
Psychiatric injury—secondary victimsWhat is a secondary victim?A primary victim is a claimant who was directly involved as a participant in the...
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Produced in partnership with Andrew Wilson 19th May
Q&As
What costs are payable on a matter which is in the MOJ portal but settles for less than £1,000? At the time that the matter was entered in the portal...
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19th May
Practice notes
Loss of pension—personal injury claimsNOTE: On 15 July 2019, at the conclusion of the first review of the discount rate, the Lord Chancellor announced...
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19th May
Practice notes
Contributory negligence in road traffic accidentsIn some instances someone may suffer damage that results partly from their own fault and partly from...
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19th May

Most recent Reference to the European Court of Justice content

Practice notes
IP COMPLETION DAY: 11pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marks the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period entered into following the UK’s...
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Produced in partnership with Michala Meiselles of University of Derby 23rd Mar
Practice notes
ARCHIVED:The UK's departure from the EU means that it is no longer possible for the UK court’s to make a reference to the Court of Justice. References...
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13th Feb
Practice notes
ARCHIVED: The UK's departure from the EU means that it is no longer possible for the UK court’s to make a reference to the Court of Justice....
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4th Feb
Practice notes
This Practice Note has been archived and is not updated.From Tuesday 1 October 2013, CPR 68 is being replaced in its entirety. The rationale for this...
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18th Jan
Practice notes
This Practice Note has been archived and is not updatedWhat is a reference to the European Court?The Court of Justice of the European Communities...
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18th Jan

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