Part 2 Equality: Key Concepts (ss 4-27)
Part 2 Equality: Key Concepts (ss 4-27)
Equality Act 2010 | Legislation

4 The protected characteristics

The following characteristics are protected characteristics—

age;

disability;

gender reassignment;

marriage and civil partnership;

pregnancy and maternity;

race;

religion or belief;

sex;

sexual orientation.


5 Age

(1)     In relation to the protected characteristic of age—

(a)     a reference to a person who has a particular protected characteristic is a reference to a person of a particular age group;

(b)     a reference to persons who share a protected characteristic is a reference to persons of the same age group.

(2)     A reference to an age group is a reference to a group of persons defined by reference to age, whether by reference to a particular age or to a range of ages.


6 Disability

(1)     A person (P) has a disability if—

(a)     P has a physical or mental impairment, and

(b)     the impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on P's ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.

(2)     A reference to a disabled person is a reference to a person who has a disability.

(3)     In relation to the protected characteristic of disability—

(a)     a reference to a person who has a particular protected characteristic is a reference to a person who has a particular disability;

(b)     a reference to persons who share a protected characteristic is a reference to persons who have the same disability.

(4)     This Act (except Part 12 and section 190) applies in relation to a person who has had a disability as it applies in relation to a person who has the disability; accordingly (except in that Part and that section)—