(1) In this Act, except in so far as the context otherwise requires—
“act” and “action” each includes omission and references to doing an act or taking action shall be construed accordingly,
“basic award of compensation for unfair dismissal” shall be construed in accordance with section 118,
“business” includes a trade or profession and includes any activity carried on by a body of persons (whether corporate or unincorporated),
“childbirth” means the birth of a living child or the birth of a child whether living or dead after twenty-four weeks of pregnancy,
“collective agreement” has the meaning given by section 178(1) and (2) of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992,
“conciliation officer” means an officer designated by the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service under section 211 of that Act,
“dismissal procedures agreement” means an agreement in writing with respect to procedures relating to dismissal made by or on behalf of one or more independent trade unions and one or more employers or employers' associations,
“employers' association” has the same meaning as in the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992,
“expected week of childbirth” means the week, beginning with midnight between Saturday and Sunday, in which it is expected that childbirth will occur,
“guarantee payment” has the meaning given by section 28,
“independent trade union” means a trade union which—
(a) is not under the domination or control of an employer or a group of employers or of one or more employers'
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