(1) In England and Wales, proceedings for an offence under this Act may be instituted only—
(a) by the Commissioner, or
(b) by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions.
(2) In Northern Ireland, proceedings for an offence under this Act may be instituted only—
(b) by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), summary proceedings for an offence under section 173 (alteration etc of personal data to prevent disclosure) may be brought within the period of 6 months beginning with the day
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