(1) Any court dealing with an offender in respect of his offence must have regard to the following purposes of sentencing—
(a) the punishment of offenders,
(b) the reduction of crime (including its reduction by deterrence),
(c) the reform and rehabilitation of offenders,
(d) the protection of the public, and
(e) the making of reparation by offenders to persons affected by their offences.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply—
(a) in relation to an offender who is aged under 18 at the time of conviction,
(b) to an offence the sentence for which is fixed by law,
(c) to an offence the sentence for which falls to be imposed [under [a provision mentioned in subsection (2A)]], or
(d) in relation to the making under Part 3 of the Mental Health Act 1983 (c 20) of a hospital order (with or without a restriction order), an interim hospital order, a hospital direction or a limitation direction.
[(2AA) The provisions referred to in subsection (2)(c) are—
(a) section 1(2B) or 1A(5) of the Prevention of Crime Act 1953 (minimum sentence for certain offences involving offensive weapons);
(b) section 51A(2) of the Firearms Act 1968 (minimum sentence for certain firearms offences);
(c) section 139(6B), 139A(5B) or 139AA(7) of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (minimum sentence for certain offences involving article with blade or point or offensive weapon);
(d) section 110(2) or 111(2) of the Sentencing Act (minimum sentence for certain drug trafficking and burglary offences);
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