World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)—snapshot

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)—snapshot
  • Purpose of the WSSD
  • Outcome of the WSSD
  • Declaration
  • Plan of Implementation
  • Implementation partnerships and initiatives

World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)—snapshot

TitleWorld Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). Also known as the World Summit 2002, the Johannesburg Summit and ‘Rio+10’
LocationJohannesburg, South Africa
Attendees180 country representatives (with 100 heads of state) attended, together with over 22,000 accredited delegates and approximately 40,000 other participants (including over 8,000 civil society participants)
Conference dates26 August-4 September 2002
SubjectSustainable development, poverty alleviation and the environment, implementation of Agenda 21

Purpose of the WSSD

The WSSD was aimed at reinvigorating global commitment to sustainable development, environmental protection and poverty alleviation (as interrelated issues). It was resolved during the 55th Session of the UN General Assembly in December 2000 in Resolution 55/199 that a ten-year review of the implementation of the outcomes of the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio Conference, also known as the ‘Earth Summit’) should be conducted.

See Practice Note: UNCED, Earth Summit 1992—snapshot.

Resolution 55/199 noted that the UN was: ‘[d]eeply concerned that, despite the many successful and continuing efforts of the international community since the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment 1972 (Stockholm Conference)—snapshot and the fact that some progress has been achieved, the environment and the natural resource base that support life on earth continue to deteriorate at an alarming rate’.

Resolution 55/199 further noted that the WSSD should, at all stages, ensure a balance between (1) economic

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