What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?
What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?

The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?
  • What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?
  • What is the effect of a final third party debt order—immediately enforceable order to pay
  • Obtaining a hardship payment order in respect of a third party debt order
  • Third party debt order—debt owed to the judgment debtor must be certain
  • Can you obtain a third party debt order in respect of third parties abroad?
  • Third party debt orders and trust monies
  • Is there state immunity exemption from third party debt orders?

What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?

This Practice Note explains what a third party debt order (TPDO) (previously known as garnishee orders) is as a means of enforcing a judgment debt, with reference to CPR 72. The order directs a third party who owes money to the judgment debtor to pay that money instead to the judgment creditor. We consider when a TPDO may be ordered, what they can cover, the effect of a final TPDO and when a hardship payment order can be made. The location of the third party and issues of state immunity, as objections to ordering a TPDO, are also covered. See also How to apply for a third party debt order (TPDO) and Third party debt orders (TPDO)—role of banks and building societies.

What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?

Third party debt orders were previously known as 'garnishee' orders and operated under the regime provided for in CCR Ord 30 and RSC Ord 49 (now revoked). Although the rules in CPR 72 are new, many of the principles with which they are concerned are well established. Accordingly, case law concerning garnishee orders remains highly relevant, but will be applied, in respect of procedural matters, subject to the overriding objective for the court to deal with cases justly in accordance with CPR 1.2.

A third party debt order is a

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