Vienna Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents 1986—snapshot
Vienna Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents 1986—snapshot

The following Energy practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Vienna Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents 1986—snapshot
  • Snapshot on 1986 Vienna Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents
  • Overview
  • Purpose of the Convention
  • What does the Convention do?
  • Key provisions
  • International nuclear and radiological event scale
  • Implementation in Europe
  • Implementation in the UK
  • Euratom and Brexit
  • More...

Snapshot on 1986 Vienna Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents

TitleVienna Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents
Parties119 Parties
LocationVienna
Adopted26th September 1986
Came into force27th October 1986
SubjectRequirement for prompt notification of nuclear accident

Overview

The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident establishes a notification system for nuclear accidents which have the potential for international transboundary release that could be of radiological safety significance for another State.

The failure of the USSR to provide information immediately following the Chernobyl accident led to the Convention.

The Convention requires States to report the accident's time, location, radiation releases, and other data essential for assessing the situation. Notification is to be made to affected States directly or through the International Atomic Energy agency (IAEA), and to the IAEA itself. Reporting is mandatory for any nuclear accident involving facilities and activities listed in Article 1. Pursuant to Article 3, States may notify other accidents as well.

China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and United States have all declared their intent also to report accidents involving nuclear weapons and nuclear weapons tests.

Purpose of the Convention

To ensure the early notification of a nuclear accident to State Parties who may be affected.

It was the first multilateral agreement to set comprehensive rules on the provision of information in a nuclear emergency.

It had been strongly voiced that the obligation to

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