The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
On 24 December 2020, the European Commission and UK government announced an agreement in principle on the legal terms of the future EU-UK relationship. Announced just one week before IP completion day, the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA), and associated agreements, came at the eleventh hour, leaving little time to put in place the necessary legal and practical arrangements to make the deal fully operational on 1 January 2021.
On the EU side, Article 218(5) Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union allowed for provisional application of the deal from 1 January 2021, pending ratification. This meant that the European Parliament was able to postpone its meeting to debate the agreement until the new year. The TCA and associated agreements were published by the EU in the Official Journal of the European Union on 30 April 2021 following the conclusion of ratification procedures, with the TCA’s entry into force on 1 May 2021.
In the UK urgent primary legislation was required before IP completion day. The European Union (Future Relationship) Bill was therefore introduced to Parliament on 30 December 2020, and having completed all its Parliamentary stages in a single day, the Bill received Royal Assent as the European Union (Future Relationship) Act 2020 (EU(FR)A 2020). The EU(FR)A 2020 creates a framework through which the
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