School transport and out-of-school trips
Produced in partnership with Christopher McFarland of Sinclairs Law and Nicholas Hancox of Nicholas Hancox Solicitors

The following Local Government practice note produced in partnership with Christopher McFarland of Sinclairs Law and Nicholas Hancox of Nicholas Hancox Solicitors provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • School transport and out-of-school trips
  • Home-to-school transport (early years) in England
  • Home-to-school transport (compulsory school age) in England
  • Travel arrangements for eligible children
  • School travel schemes
  • Post-16 transport in England
  • Home-to-school transport (nursery ages) in Wales
  • Home-to-school transport (compulsory school age) in Wales
  • Post-16 transport in Wales
  • Walking 'buses' and bike 'trains': England and Wales
  • More...

School transport and out-of-school trips

Home-to-school transport (early years) in England

Local authorities in England may provide home-to-school transport for children in non-school early years settings and may charge for that transport.

Home-to-school transport (compulsory school age) in England

Travel arrangements for eligible children

Unless and until it has implemented an approved school travel scheme, which won't happen now; see below, a local authority in England must provide such travel arrangements as it considers necessary to get every eligible child of compulsory school age to their relevant educational establishment and back home again (but this does not need to be 'door-to-door' according to R (M&W) v Hounslow). Travel arrangements for an eligible child must be free of charge and must not require the participants to incur extra costs. The DfE issued guidance, including a model appeal process that it is recommended to be used within LAs to try to resolve disputes over pupils’ eligibility for home-to-school transport. LAs are reminded to follow the policy published or risk facing censure by the Local Government and Social Care ombudsman.

Travel arrangements may include the provision of transport and, if the parent consents:

  1. an escort

  2. travel expenses for someone else

  3. allowances for (other) modes of travel

  4. arrangements made voluntarily by parents

An eligible child (for the purposes of section 508B of the Education Act 1996 (EA 1996) travel arrangements) is:

  1. a child with

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