The following Local Government practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Coronavirus (COVID-19): This Practice Note contains guidance on matters that have temporarily been altered to assist in the management of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. For further information, see: Traffic Orders Procedure (Coronavirus) (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2020, SI 2020/536, LNB News 22/05/2020 77 and Statutory guidance: Traffic Management Act 2004: network management in response to COVID-19.
Under the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (RTRA 1984), as amended, the traffic authorities that may control road traffic on highways are:
the Secretary of State for Transport—on highways where they are the highway authority, ie motorways and trunk roads in England; the Secretary of State operates much of this traffic function through Highways England (formerly the Highways Agency)
the Welsh Ministers—on motorways and trunk roads in Wales; the Welsh Ministers operate many of their traffic functions through the South Wales Trunk Road Agent and other agents
the Mayor of London acting through Transport for London—on 'GLA Roads' (Greater London Authority)
the London Borough Councils—on all other roads in London
county councils and metropolitan district councils—on roads outside London not controlled by the Department for Transport (DfT) or by the Welsh Ministers
National Park Authorities—on minor highways in National Parks
The duty of a traffic authority is to secure the expeditious, convenient and safe movement of vehicular and other traffic (including pedestrians) and the provision of suitable
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This Practice Note explains certain common financial covenants used in commercial finance transactions including:•minimum net worth test•gearing ratio•leverage ratio (or debt to equity ratio)•current ratio (or acid test ratio)•cashflow ratio•interest cover ratio, and•loan to value ratioIt explains:
Coronavirus (COVID-19): During the current pandemic, legislation and changes to practice and procedure in the courts and tribunals have been introduced, which affect the following:•proceedings for possession•forfeiture of business leases on the grounds of non-payment of rent•a landlord's right to
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Definition of automatismAn act is done in a state of automatism if it is done by the body without control by the mind, (eg it is a spasm or a reflex), or if it is done by a person who is not conscious of what they are doing. The act may be described as involuntary, but will not be regarded as such
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