The following Restructuring & Insolvency guidance note Produced in partnership with Julie Lanz of Skadden Arps Slate Meagher & Flom LLP provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
A chapter 11 case may be commenced in the district court for the district in which the domicile, residence, principal place of business in the United States, or principal assets in the United States, of the person or entity that is the subject of the case has been located for the 180 days immediately preceding commencement or has been located in such district for a longer portion of such 180 day period than in any other district (28 U.S.C. § 1408). Further:28 U.S.C. § 1408
for business entities, domicile means the place of organisation or incorporationIn re Dunmore Homes 380 BR 663 670 (Bankr SDNY 2008)
courts either find that the place of organisation or incorporation of a business entity is also its residence or that the term residence as used in the bankruptcy venue statute is a term that applies only to individuals and not business entitiesIn re Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Pub. Co.474 BR 122 135 (Bankr SDNY 2012)
for business entities, the principal place of business refers to the place where the entity’s officers direct, control and co-ordinate the entity’s activities, ie its nerve centreHertz Corp. v. Friend 559 US 77 80 (2010)
it is not unusual for the place of organisation to be different from the location of the principal place of business or of the principal assets of a company. For instance, while a company’s principal assets and business may be located in California, the company may have elected to be formed and incorporated in Delaware because of Delaware’s sophisticated laws, courts and extensive
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