The following Tax practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
IP COMPLETION DAY: 11pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marks the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time (referred to in UK law as ‘IP completion day’), key transitional arrangements come to an end and significant changes begin to take effect across the UK’s legal regime. This document contains guidance on subjects impacted by these changes. Before continuing your research, see Practice Note: What does IP completion day mean for Tax?
Some investors, particularly non-UK resident investors, may hold UK real estate as an investment through an offshore unauthorised property unit trust. Such unit trusts are commonly established in one of the Channel Islands (typically, Jersey or Guernsey) or the Isle of Man, but may be established under the law of another non-UK jurisdiction. This Practice Note refers to such property unit trusts, wherever established, as Jersey Property Unit Trusts (JPUTs) (since Jersey property unit trusts are probably the most common form).
JPUTs were popular historically because it used to be possible to transfer UK real estate to a JPUT free from stamp duty land tax (SDLT). This was pursuant to a specific exemption known as 'seeding relief', which was abolished from 22 March 2006. A different form of seeding relief was introduced by section 133 of the Finance Act 2016 (FA 2016)
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Voluntary manslaughterVoluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element for murder) but which are reduced to manslaughter because of one of the three special defences (loss of control, diminished responsibility or suicide
Fraud by false representationFraud by false representation applies to a broader range of conduct than the offences under the preceding legislation (the Theft Act 1968 (TA 1968)). No gain or loss need actually be made, and no deception need operate on the mind of the deceived for the Fraud Act 2006
Millett LJ subdivided types of constructive trust into two categories, distinguishing between:•the constructive trust proper, where equity intervenes to prevent the legal owner from unconscionably denying the beneficial interest of another (known as the institutional constructive trust)•the
For guidance on the basic features of the doctrine of estoppel and the different classifications it has been subject to, see Practice Note: Estoppel—what, when and how to plead and related content.Promissory estoppel—what is it?Where A has, by words or conduct, made to B a clear and unequivocal
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