Product recall—Japan—Q&A guide
Product recall—Japan—Q&A guide

The following Commercial practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Product recall—Japan—Q&A guide
  • 1. What are the basic laws governing the safety requirements that products must meet?
  • 2. What requirements exist for the traceability of products to facilitate recalls?
  • 3. What penalties may be imposed for non-compliance with these laws?
  • 4. What requirements are there to notify government authorities (or other bodies) of defects discovered in products, or known incidents of personal injury or property damage?
  • 5. What criteria apply for determining when a matter requires notification and what are the time limits for notification?
  • 6. To which authority should notification be sent? Does this vary according to the product in question?
  • 7. What product information and other data should be provided in the notification to the competent authority?
  • 8. What obligations are there to provide authorities with updated information about risks, or respond to their enquiries?
  • 9. What are the penalties for failure to comply with reporting obligations?
  • More...

Product recall—Japan—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to product recall in Japan published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: July 2020).

Authors: Anderson Mōri & Tomotsune—Kei Akagawa; Tomoki Yamada

1. What are the basic laws governing the safety requirements that products must meet?

The Consumer Products Safety Act (Act No. 31 of 1973, as amended) (CPSA) generally applies to all kinds of products sold in Japan and accidents caused by products within Japan. Further to the CPSA, some specific products are also regulated in part by the following laws:

  1. electrical appliances by the Electrical Appliances and Materials Safety Act (Act No. 234 of 1961, as amended);

  2. gas appliances by the Gas Business Act (Act No. 51 of 1954, as amended); and

  3. combustion appliances (eg, gas stoves) by the Act on the Security and Transaction of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Act No. 149 of 1967, as amended).

Other products, however, are regulated exclusively by the following laws instead of the CPSA. Some examples are:

  1. automobiles by the Road Transport Vehicle Act (Act No. 185 of 1951, as amended) (RTVA);

  2. medicines, cosmetics and medical appliances by the Act on Securing Quality, Efficacy and Safety of Pharmaceuticals, Medical Devices, Regenerative and Cellular Therapy Products, Gene Therapy Products, and Cosmetics (formerly known as the Pharmaceutical Affairs Act) (Act No. 145 of

Popular documents