The following Information Law practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note supplements the Practice Note: Trade secrets and confidential information—protection and enforcement, which identifies when legal confidentiality obligations arise and how these are typically dealt with in commercial contracts.
Often businesses refuse to disclose information on the basis that this would breach confidentiality obligations. This Practice Note looks at how those objections can be overcome.
It is important that confidentiality clauses are tightly drafted. For example, confidentiality clauses typically permit disclosures of confidential information where required by 'applicable law' or the rules of a 'stock exchange'. If it is intended to allow disclosures permitted by 'English' law and/or the London Stock Exchange (as opposed to a foreign law or a foreign stock exchange) this should be made clear.
Apart from confidentiality clauses, the use and disclosure of confidential information can also be restricted by other clauses. In particular, these include data protection clauses (which often restrict the use that can be made of personal data) and intellectual property clauses (which may restrict the use of databases). It is important to ensure that all clauses in an agreement restricting use or disclosure of information are mutually consistent so as to avoid uncertainty or disputes.
Assuming that appropriate restrictions on use and disclosure of information have been implemented (in contracts with employees, contractors, subcontractors and third parties), what else should
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This Practice Note considers the nature and scope of arbitration agreements with a particular focus on arbitration agreements pursuant to the law of England and Wales, although it also discusses the concept from an international perspective and includes some comparative examples from other
What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?Third party debt orders were previously known as 'garnishee' orders and operated under the regime provided for in CCR Ord 30 and RSC Ord 49 (now revoked). Although the rules in CPR 72 are new, many of the principles with which they are concerned are well
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IntroductionShari'ah (also Sharia, Shariah or Shari’a) (literally, in Arabic, 'the path towards the watering place') or Islamic law is the legal system of the religion of Islam that sets out a system of duties or code of conduct for individuals to follow so that they may live their life in a
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