Pleading breach of contract claims—worked hypothetical examples
Pleading breach of contract claims—worked hypothetical examples

The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Pleading breach of contract claims—worked hypothetical examples
  • Scope of Practice Note
  • Worked hypothetical breach of contract—particulars of claim
  • Worked hypothetical breach of contract—defence
  • Worked hypothetical breach of contract—reply

Scope of Practice Note

This Practice Note provides a set of worked examples for pleading:

  1. particulars of claim

  2. defence

  3. reply

based on a hypothetical claim arising out of a contract for the sale and delivery of blinds in a business-to-business scenario. It is not a claim to which the Late Payment of Commercial debts (Interest) Act 1998 applies (on which, see Practice Note: Late Payment of Commercial Debts (Interest) Act 1998).

These worked examples are not designed to be used as Precedents. They do not include all possible claims or defences that might be available in the hypothetical scenario and are not intended to be ‘the perfect pleading’. Rather, they are intended to be read in conjunction with the generic statement of case Precedents linked to below and provide practical examples of how a hypothetical scenario might look when pleaded in the sequence of particulars of claim, defence and then reply so as to assist practitioners in understanding how factual and legal information should be presented in statements of case. For comprehensive guidance on drafting statements of case, please refer to the following template Precedents:

  1. Particulars of claim—breach of contract

  2. Defence (civil claim generic)

  3. Defence and counterclaim (civil claim generic)

  4. Reply (civil claim generic)

Note: it is important that you ensure that you have complied with any relevant pre-action protocol. For guidance, see Practice Note: Pre-action behaviour in

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