Planning policy in Wales

The following Planning practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Planning policy in Wales
  • PPW
  • TANs
  • The National Development Framework for Wales
  • Wales Spatial Plan
  • Strategic planning areas and panels
  • Developments of national significance
  • Local development plans
  • Preparation of LDPs
  • Place plans

Planning policy in Wales

Planning policy is contained primarily within national policy documents and the development plan.

Welsh national planning policy is contained principally in the non-statutory Planning Policy Wales (PPW) and Technical Advice Notes (TANs), together with circulars.

PPW provides the strategic policy framework for local planning authorities (LPAs) in the preparation of development plans in Wales. PPW is supplemented by topic-based TANs. PPW, TANs, Welsh Office and Welsh Parliament Circulars and policy clarification letters together provide the national planning policy framework for Wales (see PPW at para 1.1).

PPW, TANs and the circulars may be material to decisions on individual planning applications. They will be considered by the Welsh Ministers and Planning Inspectors in the determination of called-in planning applications and appeals.

The National Development Framework (NDF) named ‘Future Wales—the National Plan 2040’, which replaced the Wales Spatial Plan in February 2021, forms part of the development plan, in accordance with which planning applications and appeals must be determined, unless material considerations indicate otherwise. Development plans are prepared at national, regional and local scales. The NDF contributes the national tier of the development plan. Strategic development plans cover regional and sub-regional scales and local development plans consider issues at the local scale. The three tiers of the development plan should be aligned and complement each other. Strategic development plans, are required to be in conformity with

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