The following Planning practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
As of exit day (31 January 2020) the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content. For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—the implications for English and Welsh planning law and practice or visit the Planning area of the Brexit toolkit.
Effective spatial planning is an important part of a successful response to climate change, as it can influence the emission of greenhouse gases. Local planning authorities (LPAs) and other planning decision-makers should ensure that protecting the local and the wider environment is properly considered. Effective planning can also help to increase resilience to climate change impact through the location, mix and design of development.
Section 19 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (PCPA 2004) (as amended by the Planning Act 2008) requires that development plans must include policies designed to ensure development contributes to the mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change.
This strong outcome-focused duty on LPAs shows the clear priority given to climate change in plan-making.
The Planning Act 2008 (PA 2008) introduces a planning regime for nationally significant infrastructure projects, (NSIPs) including energy generation plants of capacity greater than 50 megawatts. National Policy
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The principle of transferred maliceIf a person has a malicious intent towards X and, in carrying out that intent, injures Y, he is guilty of an offence. So, if D shoots at A with intent to kill him but kills B by mistake it is murder; the mistake as to the identity of the victim is irrelevant as D
This Practice Note explains certain common financial covenants used in commercial finance transactions including:•minimum net worth test•gearing ratio•leverage ratio (or debt to equity ratio)•current ratio (or acid test ratio)•cashflow ratio•interest cover ratio, and•loan to value ratioIt explains:
Dividends involve a distribution of cash or a distribution of non-cash assets (known as a distribution in kind or a distribution in specie).A scrip dividend (in a tax context, sometimes referred to as a stock dividend) allows a shareholder to receive new shares in a company as an alternative to a
Issue estoppel is a sub-species of the res judicata doctrine (see Practice Note: The doctrine of res judicata). In addition to the general key requirements for establishing a res judicata (see Practice Note: Key requirements to establish a res judicata), this Practice Note considers the specific
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