Planning for climate change
Planning for climate change

The following Environment guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Planning for climate change
  • Brexit impact
  • Legislative context
  • Planning policy context
  • Building Regulations and energy performance standards
  • Low-carbon development
  • Renewable energy supply
  • Mitigation and adaptation
  • Determining planning applications
  • Planning conditions and obligations
  • more

Effective spatial planning is an important part of a successful response to climate change, as it can influence the emission of greenhouse gases. Local planning authorities (LPAs) should ensure that protecting the local and the wider environment is properly considered. Effective planning can also help to increase resilience to climate change impact through the location, mix and design of development.

Brexit impact

This content is likely to be impacted by the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. For further information on the implications of leaving the EU for planning law and practice, see: Brexit—implications for planning law and practice—overview and Practice Note: Brexit—the implications for English and Welsh planning law and practice.

Legislative context

Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004

Section 19 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (PCPA 2004) (as amended by the Planning Act 2008) requires that development plans must include policies designed to ensure the development contributes to the mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change.

This strong outcome-focused duty on LPAs shows the clear priority given to climate change in plan-making.

Planning Act 2008

The Planning Act 2008 (PA 2008) introduces a planning regime for nationally significant infrastructure projects, including energy generation plants of capacity greater than 50 megawatts. National Policy Statements provide guidance on planning application decisions on such projects.

See Practice Notes: Planning policy in