Planning for climate change
Planning for climate change

The following Planning practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Planning for climate change
  • Legislative context
  • Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004
  • Planning Act 2008
  • Energy Act 2008
  • Localism Act 2011
  • Climate Change Act 2008
  • Flood and Water Management Act 2010
  • Renewable Energy Directive 2009
  • Planning policy context
  • More...

As of exit day (31 January 2020) the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content. For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—the implications for English and Welsh planning law and practice or visit the Planning area of the Brexit toolkit.

Effective spatial planning is an important part of a successful response to climate change, as it can influence the emission of greenhouse gases. Local planning authorities (LPAs) and other planning decision-makers should ensure that protecting the local and the wider environment is properly considered. Effective planning can also help to increase resilience to climate change impact through the location, mix and design of development.

Legislative context

Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004

Section 19 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (PCPA 2004) (as amended by the Planning Act 2008) requires that development plans must include policies designed to ensure development contributes to the mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change.

This strong outcome-focused duty on LPAs shows the clear priority given to climate change in plan-making.

Planning Act 2008

The Planning Act 2008 (PA 2008) introduces a planning regime for nationally significant infrastructure projects, (NSIPs) including energy generation plants of capacity greater than 50 megawatts. National Policy

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