Permitted development in Wales
Permitted development in Wales

The following Planning guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Permitted development in Wales
  • Prior approval
  • Development within the curtilage of a dwellinghouse
  • Minor operations
  • Permitted development between Use Classes
  • Demolition
  • Temporary buildings and uses
  • Permitted development rights for renewable energy technologies
  • Permitted development rights for recharging electric vehicles
  • Local development orders and neighbourhood development orders
  • more

Planning permission is required for the development of land. 'Development', which is defined in the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, s 55 (TCPA 1990), comprises:

  1. operations affecting land, and

  2. changes of use of land

Operational development includes building operations, engineering operations, mining operations and other operations (see Practice Note: Operational development). A change of use of land will require planning permission only if the change of use is material (see Practice Note: Material change of use).

The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995, SI 1995/418 (GPDO) allows some development to be permitted without the need to obtain planning permission.

GPDO, SI 1995/418, Sch 2 grants planning permission for 'permitted development'. This includes:

  1. development within the curtilage of a dwelling house

  2. minor operations

  3. changes of use

  4. temporary buildings and uses (see below Temporary buildings and uses)

  5. certain caravan sites

  6. agricultural and forestry buildings and operations

  7. development by certain bodies eg local planning authorities (LPAs), highway authorities, drainage bodies, the Environment Agency, sewage undertakers

  8. certain mining and mineral activities

  9. telecommunications development. See Practice Note: Planning issues in telecommunications

  10. demolition of buildings

  11. the installation of domestic microgeneration equipment

Permitted development is still 'development' for which planning permission is required, except that there is no need to obtain planning permission for it as permission is deemed to have been granted. Each permitted development right (PD right)