Permitted development in England
Permitted development in England

The following Planning guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Permitted development in England
  • What is permitted?
  • Guidance
  • Prior approval
  • Permitted developments rights introduced from 25 May 2019
  • Development within the curtilage of a dwellinghouse
  • Office to residential
  • Class JA—retail, takeaway, betting office, pay day loan shop, and launderette uses to offices
  • Light industrial to residential
  • Agricultural permitted development
  • more

This Practice Note deals with permitted development in England. For guidance on permitted development in Wales, see Practice Note: Permitted development in Wales.

Planning permission is required for the development of land. 'Development', which is defined in section 55 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (TCPA 1990), comprises:

  1. operations affecting land, and

  2. changes of use of land

Operational development includes building operations, engineering operations, mining operations and other operations (see Practice Note: Operational development). A change of use of land will require planning permission only if the change of use is material (see Practice Note: Material change of use).

The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 2015, SI 2015/596 (the GPDO) allows some development to be permitted without the need to obtain planning permission. The 2015 GPDO replaced the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995, SI 1995/418 (the 1995 Order) in England from 15 April 2015. The 1995 Order still applies in Wales—see Practice Note: Permitted development in Wales. Permitted development (PD) is still 'development' for which planning permission is required, except that there is no need to obtain express planning permission for it as permission is deemed to have been granted by development order. Each permitted development right (PD right) is subject to certain exceptions, limitations and conditions, specified in GPDO, SI 2015/596, Sch 2.