OSPAR, London Convention and London Protocol—implementation in England and Wales
Produced in partnership with Nicola Canty of 9 Hazel Tree Chambers

The following Environment practice note produced in partnership with Nicola Canty of 9 Hazel Tree Chambers provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • OSPAR, London Convention and London Protocol—implementation in England and Wales
  • OSPAR
  • OSPAR and the European Union
  • OSPAR and UNCLOS
  • The OSPAR Convention’s ‘acquis’—decisions and recommendations
  • The OSPAR Commission
  • The OSPAR Secretariat
  • The North-East Atlantic Environment Strategy (OSPAR Agreement 2010–3)
  • Regional Action Plan for marine litter
  • OSPAR implementation in England and Wales
  • More...

OSPAR, London Convention and London Protocol—implementation in England and Wales

OSPAR

The OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic 1992 (OSPAR) is an international agreement that has its origins in the Oslo Convention against dumping in 1972 and the Paris Convention of 1974, which broadened matters covered by the Oslo Convention to include land-based sources of marine pollution and the offshore industry. These two conventions were ultimately unified and extended by OSPAR. A new annex on biodiversity and ecosystems was adopted in 1998 to cover non-polluting human activities that can adversely affect the sea.

For more information, see Practice Note: Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR)—snapshot.

OSPAR addresses all sources of pollution of the marine environment and the adverse effects of human activities upon it, takes into account the precautionary principle and strengthens regional co-operation.

For these purposes, ‘pollution’ is defined as:

‘the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the maritime area which results, or is likely to result, in hazards to human health, harm to living resources and marine ecosystems, damage to amenities or interference with other legitimate uses of the sea.’

There are five OSPAR Regions in the OSPAR maritime area:

  1. Region I: Arctic Waters

  2. Region II: Greater North Sea

  3. Region III: Celtic Seas

  4. Region IV: Bay of Biscay and Iberian

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