The following Tax practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The income tax charges associated with employment-related securities and securities options typically arise upon acquisition of securities, or because an amount of employment income is deemed to arise upon a subsequent chargeable event, rather than as a result of a cash payment. Therefore often the employer cannot deduct pay as you earn (PAYE) in the normal way. There are special rules requiring an employer to account for PAYE in relation to such notional payments. An additional, penal, income tax charge is imposed upon the employee (or director), and (employer and employee) Class 1 NICs arise, to the extent such PAYE amount is not made good to the employer.
Under section 222 of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 (ITEPA 2003), where an employer:
makes a notional payment to an employee or director
in respect of which the employer is required to account to HMRC for an amount of income tax by way of PAYE, and
which amount the employer is unable to deduct from any payments actually made to that employee or director within the relevant period (because such payments are of insufficient value)
the employee or director must make good the amount of income tax to the employer within 90 days of the end of the tax year in which the employer is treated as making the notional payment (the relevant date) (ie
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This Practice Note explains certain common financial covenants used in commercial finance transactions including:•minimum net worth test•gearing ratio•leverage ratio (or debt to equity ratio)•current ratio (or acid test ratio)•cashflow ratio•interest cover ratio, and•loan to value ratioIt explains:
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