Natural Resources Wales—powers to investigate environmental crime
Produced in partnership with Christopher Badger of 6 Pump Court Chambers
Natural Resources Wales—powers to investigate environmental crime

The following Corporate Crime guidance note Produced in partnership with Christopher Badger of 6 Pump Court Chambers provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Natural Resources Wales—powers to investigate environmental crime
  • An ‘investigation’
  • The application of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984
  • The application of PACE Code B
  • Powers of entry under the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012
  • Interviews under caution
  • Section 108 powers
  • Powers of entry under section 108
  • Powers of seizure under section 109
  • Covert investigations
  • more

Natural Resources Wales (NRW) is the principal regulator responsible for the enforcement of environmental law and the prosecution of environmental crime in Wales. It took over the functions of Environment Agency Wales (EAW) in 2013.

Historically, the Environment Agency (EA) was set up as a corporate body in 1996 under the Environment Act 1995 (EA 1995). Under the devolution settlement, most ministerial functions relating to the functioning of the EA in Wales were transferred, such that EAW became an executive Assembly-sponsored public body, receiving grant aid from the Welsh Government, whilst remaining part of the EA England and Wales corporate entity. For information about the powers of the EA to investigate criminal offences, see Practice Note: Environment Agency—powers to investigate environmental crime.

NRW was created by virtue of article 3 of the Natural Resources Body for Wales (Establishment) Order 2012, SI 2012/1903 (the Establishment Order). As part of the Living Wales Programme, NRW assumed the responsibilities of EAW, Countryside Council for Wales and Forestry Commission Wales on 1 April 2013 by virtue of the Natural Resources Body for Wales (Functions) Order 2013, SI 2013/755 (the Functions Order).

Article 4 of the Establishment Order sets out that the purpose of NRW is to ensure that the environment and natural resources of Wales are sustainably maintained, sustainably enhanced and sustainably used. Reference to sustainability requires it