The following Commercial Q&A provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Many businesses are closing their offices or recommending their staff work from home in an attempt to slow the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). This will mean parties may not be able to meet in person to execute documents.
A deed is a written instrument which is executed with the necessary formality and by which an interest, right or property passes or is confirmed, or an obligation binding on some person is created or confirmed. Deeds should be contrasted with simple contracts under English law that (unlike a deed) may be made in writing without the formalities required for a deed or orally.
Deeds are required for:
powers of attorney
leases and transfers of land
mortgages and charges over land
appointment of trustees
They are also often used for guarantees or where there is no consideration given in exchange for a contractual promise or there are doubts as to the adequacy of the consideration (eg gift
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The principles of the notarial act are that it is:•an act of the notary and not of the parties named in the document•a record of a fact, event or transaction•in the form of a document, notwithstanding the form of the underlying document, fact, event or transactionThe purpose of the notarial act is
An ad hoc arbitration is any arbitration in which the parties have not selected an institution to administer the arbitration. This offers parties flexibility as to the conduct of the arbitration, but less external support for the process. It can be quicker than institutional arbitration but not if
This Practice Note identifies the main torts (bar negligence and nuisance, which are covered elsewhere in our related content) and their key characteristics. Specifically:•trespass to land•trespass to the person•privacy/defamation•liability for animals•employers' liability•product
For guidance on the basic features of the doctrine of estoppel and the different classifications it has been subject to, see Practice Note: Estoppel—what, when and how to plead and related content.Promissory estoppel—what is it?Where A has, by words or conduct, made to B a clear and unequivocal
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