Marine species protection
Marine species protection

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Marine species protection
  • The Conservation of Habitats and Species (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019
  • Environment and Wildlife (Miscellaneous Amendments Etc) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020, SI 2020/1395
  • Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Commission Regulation (EC) No 865/2006) (Amendment) Regulations 2020
  • The Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97) (Amendment) Regulations 2021
  • Convention on Biological Diversity
  • UK BAP priority marine species list
  • Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
  • Habitats and Birds Directives
  • More...

Brexit impact

11 pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marks the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time (referred to in UK law as ‘IP completion day’), key transitional arrangements come to an end and significant changes begin to take effect across the UK’s legal regime. Any changes relevant to this content will be set out below. For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.

Marine species protection in England and Wales comes from a framework of legislation that is made up of international, European and national measures, which include:

  1. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

  2. Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR Convention)

  3. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

  4. Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (Habitats Directive) and Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (Birds Directive) and implementing national regulations, see Habitats and Birds Directives below

  5. Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (WCA 1981)

  6. Species specific legislation

This is similar to the framework of legislation creating the marine protected areas network in England and Wales. For more information, see Practice Note: Marine protected areas.

The Conservation of Habitats and Species (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

The Conservation of Habitats and Species (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/579 are

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