Local Development Orders
Local Development Orders

The following Planning guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Local Development Orders
  • What is a Local Development Order (LDO)?
  • Wales
  • Guidance
  • Advantages of LDOs
  • Scope of LDOs
  • Relationship with other planning permissions or consent regimes
  • Restrictions on LDOs
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Conditions
  • more

What is a Local Development Order (LDO)?

An LDO grants permission for a certain type of development, thereby removing the need for a planning application to be made by the developer. See Overview: Is planning permission required?.

Certain types of development are already permitted under the General Permitted Development Order. LDOs are an extension of permitted development, decided on locally in response to local circumstances. See Practice Notes: Permitted development in England and Permitted development in Wales.


From 30 April 2012, LPAs in Wales have powers to create LDOs. The regulations grant similar powers to the English regulations.


Planning Practice Guidance provides guidance on LDOs in England and when they can be used.

Advantages of LDOs

Local planning authorities (LPAs) can use LDOs to secure a variety of planning purposes. Examples include LDOs to promote small scale renewable energy schemes, regenerate employment areas and develop a district heating network.

LDOs remove the need to apply for planning permission. Developers can progress with greater speed and certainty (subject to the development complying with the terms and conditions of the LDO). Associated costs may be lower with an LDO as there will not be a planning application fee or need to commit the resources associated with the preparation of an application.

Scope of LDOs

An LDO may