Local Development Orders
Local Development Orders

The following Planning practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Local Development Orders
  • What is a Local Development Order (LDO)?
  • Legislation, policy and guidance governing and pertaining to LDOs
  • Legal basis of LDO
  • What development can an LDO permit?
  • What development cannot be permitted by an LDO?
  • Planning conditions imposed by LDOs
  • Planning obligations and the Community Infrastructure Levy and LDOs
  • Procedure for making an LDO
  • Preparing draft LDO and statement of reasons
  • More...

What is a Local Development Order (LDO)?

An LDO is a local development order, made at local authority level by a local planning authority (LPA). Once made, an LDO grants planning permission for specified types and/or classes of development within a particular defined area. Similarly to permitted development rights, which operate nationally, an LDO avoids the need for developers to apply to the LPA for planning permission for the types and/or classes of development specified in the LDO and instead deems planning permission granted.

In England, the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) encourages LPAs to use LDOs to set the planning framework for particular areas or categories of development, where the impacts would be acceptable, and in particular where this would promote economic, social or environmental gains for the area. In Wales, Planning Policy Wales (PPW) similarly notes that LPAs should consider all policy options including the use of LDOs when promoting economic development, to simplify the planning process for enterprises in their area, in particular in enterprise zones.

LPAs can make LDOs to secure a variety of planning purposes, including:

  1. permitting the development of buildings and related infrastructure forming a business park, to support the development of an enterprise zone

  2. permitting the erection, extension and renewal of glasshouses, polytunnels, packhouse and distribution buildings, to support the horticultural sector

  3. permitting non-privately owned airports and their operators to

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