Litigants in person—applications and orders
Produced in partnership with Phil Roberts of Clarke Willmott

The following Dispute Resolution practice note produced in partnership with Phil Roberts of Clarke Willmott provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Litigants in person—applications and orders
  • Coronavirus (COVID-19)
  • Interim applications and hearings
  • Notes and informal records of the proceedings
  • Court orders
  • Preparation and service
  • Consent orders
  • CE-File electronic working
  • Court specific guidance

Litigants in person—applications and orders

This Practice Note provides guidance on the interpretation and application of the relevant provisions of the CPR. Depending on the court in which your matter is proceeding, you may also need to be mindful of additional provisions—see further below.

This Practice Note should be read in conjunction with the following Practice Notes:

  1. Making an application

  2. Applications without notice

  3. Application hearings

  4. Applications without hearings

  5. Judgments and orders—drafting and formalities

  6. Judgments and orders—service, compliance, interpretation

  7. Consent orders and judgments

  8. Unless orders

  9. Varying or revoking orders—court's general power under CPR 3.1(7)

  10. Judgments and orders—setting aside

  11. Judgments and orders—correcting accidental errors under the slip rule (CPR 40.12)

The Master of the Rolls issued guidance in March 2013, entitled Terminology for Litigants in Person, to clarify the correct terminology to be used to refer to individuals who conduct legal proceedings on their own behalf. The guidance directs that the term 'litigant in person' should be the sole term used to describe individuals who conduct legal proceedings on their own behalf and the term 'self-represented litigant' should not be used. Note, however, that the term 'self represented litigant' and 'unrepresented litigant' continues to be used in some parts of the CPR. For more information on terminology, see Practice Note: Litigants in person—terminology and representation.

For more information on issues concerning litigants in person, also see Practice Notes:

  1. Litigants in person—case

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