The following Planning guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The main purpose of listing is to protect the building and its surroundings from changes which materially alter the importance of the building or its setting.Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, s 1
There are three types of listed status:
Grade I buildings are of exceptional interest (only 2.5% of listed buildings are Grade I)
Grade II* are particularly important buildings of more than special interest (5.5% of listed buildings are Grade II*)
Grade II buildings are nationally important and of special interest (92% of all listed buildings)
Historic England took over the role of English Heritage in identifying and protecting listed buildings.
Anyone can suggest a building to Historic England for listing. Historic England examines the case and makes a recommendation to the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS), which decides whether to list.
The main criteria used in deciding whether to list are:Principles of selection for listed buildings
age and rarity—most buildings built before 1840 which retain any of their original condition are listed. The older a building is, the more likely it will be listed. Buildings within the last 30 years have to be exceptionally important to be listed
architectural interest—buildings which are nationally important due to their architectural design, decoration and craftsmanship
historic interest or historic association with nationally important people or events
group value—especially where buildings are part of an important architectural or historic group or are a good example of planning
The buildings on the list may be described in any way which is sufficient to identify them, which may include verbal
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