Labour and employment—Poland—Q&A guide

The following Employment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Labour and employment—Poland—Q&A guide
  • 1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to employment?
  • 2. Is there any law prohibiting discrimination or harassment in employment? If so, what categories are regulated under the law?
  • 3. What are the primary government agencies or other entities responsible for the enforcement of employment statutes and regulations?
  • 4. Is there any legislation mandating or allowing the establishment of employees’ representatives in the workplace?
  • 5. What are their powers?
  • 6. Are there any restrictions or prohibitions against background checks on applicants? Does it make a difference if an employer conducts its own checks or hires a third party?
  • 7. Are there any restrictions or prohibitions against requiring a medical examination as a condition of employment?
  • 8. Are there any restrictions or prohibitions against drug and alcohol testing of applicants?
  • 9. Are there any legal requirements to give preference in hiring to, or not to discriminate against, particular people or groups of people?
  • More...

Labour and employment—Poland—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to labour and employment in Poland published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: April 2020).

Authors: Baran, Książek, Bigaj—Daniel Książek; Wojciech Bigaj; Paweł Krzykowski

1. What are the main statutes and regulations relating to employment?

The Labour Code is the primary source of labour law in Poland.

Under the Labour Code, the term labour law includes the provisions of the Labour Code and other acts of law and implementing provisions that define the rights and obligations of employers and employees, as well as the provisions of collective labour agreements and other collective arrangements, regulations and charters based on this Labour Code that set out the rights and obligations of the parties to an employment relationship.

2. Is there any law prohibiting discrimination or harassment in employment? If so, what categories are regulated under the law?

The Labour Code explicitly prohibits discrimination and harassment in employment. With regard to the prohibition of discrimination, employees should be treated equally in respect of establishing and terminating an employment relationship, employment conditions, promotion conditions, as well as access to training to improve professional qualifications, in particular regardless of sex, age, disability, race, religion, nationality, political beliefs, trade union membership, ethnic origin, creed and sexual orientation, and regardless of employment for a fixed term or

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