Kyoto Protocol 1997—snapshot
Kyoto Protocol 1997—snapshot

The following Environment guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Kyoto Protocol 1997—snapshot
  • Brexit impact
  • The Kyoto Protocol
  • Emission reduction targets
  • How are reductions achieved?
  • Emissions trading
  • The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
  • Joint Implementation (JI)
  • Institutional framework
  • Adaptation fund
  • more

Title Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Kyoto Protocol)
Parties 192 as of May 2018 but see Ratification status for details
Location Kyoto, Japan
Adopted COP 3 on 11 December 1997
Came into force 16 February 2005
Subject Climate Change

Brexit impact

As of exit day (31 January 2020) the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content.

For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law, and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.

The Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol commits developed economies in Annex I to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (Annex I parties) to detailed reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Emission reductions apply to the following GHGs:

  1. carbon dioxide (CO2)

  2. methane

  3. nitrous