The following Information Law Q&A provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
A voice recording is likely, in almost all circumstances, to constitute ‘personal data’, under the definition at Article 4(1) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), because it is information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person. It is possible that a recording might exist from which it is impossible to identify the person recorded, but in most cases one should proceed on the presumption that a recording is ‘personal data’. It is worth also noting that in some circumstances voice recordings may
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Admissibility of hearsay evidence in criminal proceedingsHow to identify hearsayThe definition of hearsay is contained in the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (CJA 2003). It comprises of four essential elements.There must be:•a statement•made out of court•relied on for the truth of the matter stated,
Skeleton argumentsThis Practice Note provides guidance on the interpretation and application of the relevant provisions of the CPR. Depending on the court in which your matter is proceeding, you may also need to be mindful of additional provisions—see further below.Note: this Practice Note does not
What is a public authority?There is no single, universal answer to the question whether a particular organisation is treated, in law, as a public authority.Rather, on one hand the courts have developed case law on which bodies are subject to administrative law through the judicial review procedure;
TCC—preparing for and attending a pre-trial review (PTR)Note:•this Practice Note gives specific guidance on matters proceeding in the Technology and Construction Court (TCC) under the provisions set out in CPR 60, CPR PD 60 and the TCC Guide. As these provisions are additional to the general
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