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To establish that express terms and conditions have been incorporated into a contract, the party seeking to rely on them must show that it has done what is reasonably sufficient to give the other party notice of them: Thornton v Shoe Lane Parking Ltd and Parker v South Eastern Ry. This will be a question of fact in each case. The more onerous or unusual the terms, the more that needs to be done to bring them to the notice of the other party: Interfoto Picture Library v Stiletto Visual Programmes.
A summary of this rule and related issues can be found in the following Practice Notes:
Contract interpretation—express terms in contracts, and
Contract interpretation—terms implied
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On 29 August 2015, the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) published the PRA Rulebook (Rulebook). The transition from the Handbook to the Rulebook was intended to benefit PRA-authorised firms, to access clearer and more concise rules. Alongside the Rulebook, supervisory statements and statements
This Practice Note identifies the main torts (bar negligence and nuisance, which are covered elsewhere in our related content) and their key characteristics. Specifically:•trespass to land•trespass to the person•privacy/defamation•liability for animals•employers' liability•product
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Codicils may be used for making any alteration in a Will such as to alter the executors or make changes in legacies, whether by addition or deletion but that is by no means their only use. As a general rule, substantial changes are best achieved by means of a new Will and codicils are more
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