The following Banking & Finance practice note produced in partnership with DLA Piper (UK) LLP provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The popularity of financing business through the invoice discounting and factoring of receivables has grown significantly in the UK over the last 25 years.
Invoice discounting and factoring are types of receivables financing whereby a company, sole trader or partnership, known as the client, sells (ie assigns) its book debts (or receivables) together with all related rights, to an invoice discounter or factor (each a receivables purchaser) at a discounted rate. The advantage to the client is that it enjoys a more predictable and liquid cash-flow cycle.
This Practice Note:
explains the basic difference between invoice discounting and factoring
illustrates the invoice discounting and factoring process
highlights the challenges that can arise in relation to the purchase of a receivable, and
provides a brief overview of the UK-based trade association for asset based financing (including receivables finance)
Both invoice discounting and factoring facilities involve the purchase of receivables from a client by the receivables purchaser at a discounted rate.
The principal difference between the products is whether the sales ledger administration and collection functions of the client are:
retained by the client (invoice discounting), or
outsourced to the receivables purchaser (factoring)
Factoring is more suitable to small companies having less sophisticated internal sales ledger and debt collection processes. Invoice discounting is better suited to larger companies with more sophisticated sales ledger and debt collection
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