The following Arbitration practice note Produced in partnership with Cyrus Benson, Charline Yim, Victoria Orlowski and Ankita Ritwik of Gibson Dunn & Crutcher LLP provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
BREXIT: As of exit day (31 January 2020), the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this Practice Note. For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—arbitration law and practice in England and Wales and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.
This Practice Note deals with the substantive standards of protection under the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT). It does not cover the notions of qualifying investor and qualifying investment, denial of benefits or the dispute resolution mechanism under the ECT (including arbitration). For more information on these aspects, see Practice Note: Investment treaty arbitration under the Energy Charter Treaty. The terms investor, investment and Contracting Party as used herein are defined in that Practice Note.
Part III of the ECT includes a catalogue of provisions that establish a high standard of protection of foreign investments that occur within the territories of host states that are Contracting Parties to the ECT. The key provisions in Part III of the ECT are Articles 10 and 13.
Article 10(1) of the ECT obliges Contracting Parties to accord fair and equitable treatment (FET) to protected investments. It provides that each Contracting Party
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When defendants are guilty, they have a choice to plead guilty or to put the prosecution to proof. When they plead guilty they may benefit from a reduction in their sentence as a result, see Practice Note: Credit for guilty plea. However, the Sentencing Council's overarching guidelines on reduction
This Practice Note covers the legal framework and regulatory guidance to be considered in determining whether an arrangement constitutes a contract of insurance and the possible consequences of carrying on activities relating to a contract of insurance without the requisite regulatory permissionsThe
Coronavirus (COVID-19): The guidance detailing normal practice set out in this Practice Note may be affected by measures concerning process and procedure in the civil courts that have been introduced as a result of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. For guidance, see Practice Note: Coronavirus
There are two kinds of burden:•the legal burden, and•the evidential burdenThe legal burdenA party has the legal (sometimes called ‘the persuasive’) burden where the onus is on that party to prove a fact or issue in a case to the required standard of proof.The legal burden is generally on the
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