Introduction to neighbourhood planning
Introduction to neighbourhood planning

The following Planning practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Introduction to neighbourhood planning
  • What is neighbourhood planning?
  • Guidance
  • Defining 'neighbourhood area'
  • Modification of neighbourhood areas
  • 'Relevant body'
  • In areas with a parish council
  • In areas without a parish council
  • Neighbourhood Development Plans
  • Neighbourhood Development Orders and the Community Right to Build
  • More...

Introduction to neighbourhood planning

Coronavirus (COVID-19): This Practice Note contains guidance on subjects potentially impacted by the government’s response to the coronavirus outbreak (see: Impact of coronavirus (COVID-19) on neighbourhood planning). For further updates on key developments and related practical guidance on the implications for lawyers, see: Coronavirus (COVID-19)—Planning and the Coronavirus (COVID-19) toolkit.

What is neighbourhood planning?

Neighbourhood planning was introduced in England by the Localism Act 2011. It empowers communities to shape the development and growth of a local area through the production of a Neighbourhood Development Plan (NDP), a Neighbourhood Development Order (NDO) or a Community Right to Build Order (CRTBO).

Neighbourhood planning regulations came into force on 6 April 2012. Provisions relating to NDPs, NDOs and CRTBOs came into force on 5 April 2013 and have been amended several times since.

See also Practice Notes:

  1. Preparing a neighbourhood development plan

  2. Neighbourhood planning—independent examination and referendum

  3. Neighbourhood development orders


The NDP/NDO must be prepared in conformity with national and local planning policy. National policy is set out in the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF). The local plan sets out a vision and objectives for the whole of the district or local authority area. It describes an overall strategy including how much and what sort of development should happen (and what development is not supported) and in broad terms where this should take place.

Planning Practice Guidance (PPG), which

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