The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to sovereign immunity in United Kingdom published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: October 2021).
Authors: Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan LLP—Odysseas Repousis; Stephen Jagusch QC
The concept of state immunity that applies in the United Kingdom is that of restrictive immunity. The statute giving effect to the doctrine of restrictive immunity is the State Immunity Act 1978, which came into force on 22 November 1978. This means that the immunity of a foreign state is not absolute but restricted to acts of a governmental nature, acta jure imperii. Therefore, acts of a commercial nature, acta jure gestionis, do not enjoy immunity. As Lord Denning MR eloquently put it in Trendtex Trading v Central Bank of Nigeria  QB 529:
[g]overnments everywhere engage in activities which although incidental in one way or another to the business of government are in themselves essentially commercial.
It is, therefore, only in respect of its sovereign activities that a state may reasonably expect to be immune from proceedings in a foreign court.
The doctrine of state immunity only applies to foreign states. It does not, therefore, apply to the United Kingdom. Instead, the common law doctrine of Crown immunity
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Summary assessment—statement of costsSummary assessment is the procedure whereby costs are assessed by the judge who has heard the case or application (see Practice Note: Summary assessment). This Practice Note considers the use of a statement of costs in summary assessment. Form N260 is a model
RobberyRobberyRobbery is a theft offence, involving dishonesty but elevated also by the intention to use force.Robbery can only be tried in the Crown Court on indictment and is categorised as a class 3 offence.Elements of the offence of robberyA person is guilty of robbery if:•they steal something,
Contractual damages—non-pecuniary lossesThis Practice Note considers the different categories of contractual damages that may be available for non-financial loss (non-pecuniary loss), ie punitive damages, damages for loss of enjoyment and loss of amenity, restitutionary damages and negotiating
DateD [date]Parties1[name of Landlord] [of OR incorporated in England and Wales with company registration number [number] whose registered office is at] [address] (Landlord)2[name of Tenant] [of OR incorporated in England and Wales with company registration number [number] whose registered office
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