International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1973 as modified by the 1978 and 1997 Protocols (MARPOL)—snapshot
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1973 as modified by the 1978 and 1997 Protocols (MARPOL)—snapshot

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1973 as modified by the 1978 and 1997 Protocols (MARPOL)—snapshot
  • MARPOL
  • General obligations
  • Application
  • Violations and sanctions
  • Further obligations
  • Annex I—regulations for the prevention of pollution by oil
  • Annex II—regulations for the control of pollution by noxious liquid substances
  • Annex III—regulations for the prevention of pollution by harmful substances carried by sea in packaged forms
  • Annex IV—regulations for the prevention of pollution by sewage from ships
  • More...

TitleInternational Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1973 as modified by the 1978 and 1997 Protocols (MARPOL)
PartiesAs at December 2017:
MARPOL or its Annexes I and II—155 parties
Annex III—147 parties
Annex IV—141 parties
Annex V—152 parties
Annex VI—89 parties
See International Maritime Organisation (IMO) status of conventions for more details
Adopted2 November 1973
Entry into forceAnnex I—2 October 1983
Annex II—6 April 1987 (major revision entered into force 1 January 2007)
Annex III—1 July 1992 (major revision entered into force 1 January 2010)
Annex IV—27 September 2003
Annex V—31 December 1988
Annex VI—19 May 2005
Full textMARPOL and the ‘How to do it guide’ are available to purchase from the IMO in hardcopy or as an online subscription (‘Marpol on the Web’)
SubjectMarine pollution, marine conservation

MARPOL

MARPOL is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.

Preventing deliberate dumping at sea is covered by the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972 (London Convention) and associated Protocol. For more information, see Practice Notes: The 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 (London Protocol)—snapshot and Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and Other Matter (London Convention)—snapshot.

MARPOL was adopted on 2 November 1973 and this included the

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