Intellectual property international treaties and conventions
Intellectual property international treaties and conventions

The following IP practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Intellectual property international treaties and conventions
  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883)
  • Major provisions
  • Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1886)
  • Major provisions
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) (1970)
  • Procedural steps
  • Advantages of a PCT application
  • Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks (1891) and the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement (1989)
  • Procedure
  • More...

IP laws are almost always national in nature. However, there are many conventions and treaties under which nations agree to provide minimum levels of IP protection, and to protect IP created by nationals of other countries.

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) administers over 20 treaties and conventions on the registration, classification and protection of IP. Details of the treaties it administers, and the parties to those treaties, can be found on its website.

This Practice Note discusses some of the major conventions and treaties it administers. It does not cover all of the treaties and conventions relating to European patents.

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883)

This was the first convention to harmonise the IP laws of its contracting states. It applies to patents, trade marks, industrial designs, utility models, trade names and geographical indications. A list of contracting states can be found here.

Major provisions

  1. each contracting state must grant the same protection to nationals of other contracting states as it does to its own nationals

  2. applicant for a patent, utility model, mark or industrial design has a right of priority. Applicant for a right in Country A may claim priority from that application in Country B, as long as it files an application in Country B for the same IP right within 12 months (patents and utility models) or six months (industrial

Popular documents