The following Restructuring & Insolvency guidance note Produced in partnership with Benn Richards and Martin Askew of Clarke Willmott LLP provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
An employee benefit trust (EBT) is used by many companies asa type of tax avoidance scheme, by which a company pays remuneration to its employees through certain types of employees’ remuneration trusts. Although those employees’ remuneration trusts can take many different forms—some examples of which are set out below—the most common example of an employees’ remuneration trust, is an EBT. There are other purposes of using an EBT other than tax avoidance.
For further reading on EBTs, see: Disguised remuneration and EBTs—overview and Practice Note: What is an employee benefit trust?
One of the main purposes of an EBT—in the employer paying remuneration to the employee via an EBT—is to maximize the sum received by the employee by enabling the employer and employee to avoid any liability asto income tax and Class 1 national insurance (NIC). It should be noted however that EBTs are also commonly used by listed companies alongside their fully taxable share incentive plans in order to act asa warehouse to hold the shares needed for the share awards, or for the EBT to act asan internal market for a private company - so that employees are able to buy and sell their shares.
For further reading, see Practice Notes:
Share plans and share hedging
Creating a market for shares in a private company
As set out above, there are many different types of EBT. However—and on the face of it—often they have a common purpose: that purpose being to avoid any liability asto income
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