The following Employment Q&A provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
For information on collective agreements generally, see:
Practice Note: Collective agreements
Collective agreements: Harvey NI 
There are three main elements to the statutory definition of ‘collective agreement’ in section 178(1) of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (TULR(C)A 1992):
there must be an agreement or arrangement
the agreement or arrangement must be made by or on behalf of one or more trade unions and one or more employers or employers' associations, and
the agreement or arrangement must relate to one or more of the matters specified in TULR(C)A 1992, s 178(2)
There is nothing in the legislation to say that:
in order for a collective agreement to be entered into, the trade union must be recognised, or
if there is more than one recognised trade union, all the trade unions recognised by the employer must be party to the collective agreement
A collective agreement may or may not be legally enforceable; in general terms, it might be described as an agreement reached between a union and an employer as a result of collective bargaining. Such a collective agreement is not usually enforceable as a matter of law. The sanc
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