The following Planning Q&A provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Generally, planning permission is not required to plant trees, as planting trees would not constitute ‘development’ for the purposes of sections 55 and 57 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (TCPA 1990).
Whether a bund constitutes operational development for the purposes of the TCPA 1990, s 55 is a matter of fact and degree. Operational development includes building operations, engineering operations, mining operations and other operations. Whether an activity amounts to a building operation depends on the size, permanence and degree of physical attachment.
For more information on when planning permission is required for operational development, see Practice Note: Operational development.
However, the normal rules on when planning permission is required are more stringent in Areas of Natural Beauty (AONBs), as AONBs benefit from special protections under statute and policy.
Section 85 of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 imposes a general duty on all relevant authorities to ‘have regard to the purpose of conserving or enhancing the natural beauty’ of AONBs when making decisions or carrying out activities rela
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This Practice Note considers the nature and scope of arbitration agreements with a particular focus on arbitration agreements pursuant to the law of England and Wales, although it also discusses the concept from an international perspective and includes some comparative examples from other
Express and implied contractual terms distinguishedContractual terms may be either express or implied:•express terms—are terms which are actually recorded in a written contract or openly expressed in an oral contract at the time the contract is made (or there may be a combination of written and oral
An ad hoc arbitration is any arbitration in which the parties have not selected an institution to administer the arbitration. This offers parties flexibility as to the conduct of the arbitration, but less external support for the process. It can be quicker than institutional arbitration but not if
This Practice Note considers claims for damages for breach of statutory duty. For guidance on claims for damages for a negligent breach of duty of care outside a statutory duty, see Practice Notes:•Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?•Negligence—when is the duty of care breached?Breach of
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