The following Corporate Crime practice note produced in partnership with Ben Cooper of Doughty Street Chambers provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The accepted definition is found in the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially women and children, supplementing the UN Convention Against Transnational Organisational Crime. The Palermo Protocol Article 3, 'Trafficking in Persons' means:
'The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power, or a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal or organs.'
Human trafficking is the movement of a person from one place to another into conditions of exploitation, using deception, coercion, the abuse of power or the abuse of someone’s vulnerability. It may be cross-border or may occur within the UK.
The constituent parts are:
movement—recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons
control—threat, use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or the giving of payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim
purpose—exploitation of a
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