The following EU Law practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The Court of Justice of the European Union (sometimes referred to as the CJEU) consists of the Court of Justice and the General Court (it also included the Civil Service Tribunal until its closure in September 2016). These courts have different jurisdictions and follow slightly different procedures, as outlined below.
The Court of Justice has jurisdiction to determine:
references for preliminary rulings under Article 267 TFEU
enforcement proceedings against a Member State under Articles 258 and 269 TFEU
direct actions for annulment under Article 263 TFEU, and actions for failure to act under Article 265 TFEU, brought by the Member States against the Parliament and/or the Council of the European Union (except those for which the General Court has jurisdiction, see below)
actions brought by one EU institution against another
disputes between the Member States relating to the subject matter of the EU Treaties
appeals against the judgments and orders of the General Court
The Court of justice consists of 27 judges (one judge from each EU Member State), a Registrar and 11 Advocates General (AGs). The Judges and Advocates General are appointed by common accord of the governments of the Member States, following consultation of a panel responsible for giving an opinion on
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