Group Litigation Orders—introduction
Produced in partnership with Andrew Wilson

The following Dispute Resolution practice note produced in partnership with Andrew Wilson provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Group Litigation Orders—introduction
  • What is a group litigation order?
  • Basis and type of case
  • Why apply for a GLO?
  • What are the alternatives to a GLO?
  • Multi-party claims
  • Representative action
  • What are the potential remedies?
  • How are damages allocated?

Group Litigation Orders—introduction

What is a group litigation order?

Multiple claims can be managed by the court under a group litigation order (GLO). GLOs may be made, before or after the commencement of proceedings, for the management and trial of a number of claims together. Such orders will be made where a number of claims give rise to ‘common or related issues of fact or law’ (CPR 19.10). Management of claims under such an order will involve cost savings and the more efficient use of court time and resources. Importantly, where there are sufficiently similar issues to be tried together, such an order will ensure consistency and avoid different decisions being made on the same issues on the same facts.

GLOs were introduced into the Civil Procedure Rules with effect from 2 May 2000. Before that date, it had been possible for a representative claim to be brought or continued by a claimant who shared the same interest in a claim as a group of claimants (CPR 19.6(1)). The other option before their introduction was for the court to consolidate one or more claims so that they could be managed and tried together if the claims gave rise to common facts or issues. The requirement of similarity for a representative action was, and is, very much stricter than for GLOs. In the representative action, the interest of

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