Greening (England)
Greening (England)

The following Property guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Greening (England)
  • Introduction
  • Greening practices or equivalents
  • Crop diversification
  • Maintenance of permanent grassland
  • Ecological Focus Areas
  • Greening equivalent practices
  • Organic land
  • Prevention of double payment
  • Consequences of non-compliance
  • more

Brexit: The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020. This has implications for the schemes providing for agricultural subsidies in England and Wales, which will no longer be derived from EU Common Agricultural Policy. We will introduce content to address the new regimes once the relevant legislation (including the Agriculture Bill) has been enacted.


Under the Common Agricultural Policy 2014–2020, one of the conditions for receiving a payment under the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) is that a farmer must comply with agricultural practices that benefit both the climate and the environment. That benefit is known as ‘greening’, and the obligation to engage in greening is known as the ‘greening requirement’. The greening requirement is in addition to the obligations that are imposed on farmers by the cross compliance rules.

A farmer who complies with the greening requirement will receive a greening payment in addition to the basic BPS payment. The greening payment will constitute up to 30% of the total amount received.

The greening requirement applies to all the eligible agricultural land that a farmer has ‘at [their] disposal’ as part of the holding, even if a BPS payment is not claimed in respect of all of it. However, the greening payment is calculated by reference to the amount of land for which a claiming farmer has activated