Government relations—Italy—Q&A guide

The following Public Law practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Government relations—Italy—Q&A guide
  • 1. What is the basic source of law? Describe the scope of, and limitations on, government power relevant to the regulation of lobbying and government relations.
  • 2. Describe the legislative system as it relates to lobbying.
  • 3. Describe the extent to which a legislative or rule-making authority relevant to lobbying practice also exists at regional, provincial or municipal level.
  • 4. Does the legislative process at national or subnational level include a formal consultation process? What opportunities or access points are typically available to influence legislation?
  • 5. Is the judiciary deemed independent and co-equal? Are judges elected or appointed? If judges are elected, are campaigns financed through public appropriation or candidate fundraising?
  • 6. Is lobbying self-regulated by the industry, or is it regulated by the government, legislature or an independent regulator? What are the regulator’s powers? Who may issue guidance on lobbying? What powers of investigation does the regulator have? What are the regulators’ or other officials’ powers to penalise violators?
  • 7. Is there a definition or other guidance as to what constitutes lobbying?
  • 8. Is there voluntary or mandatory registration of lobbyists? How else is lobbying disclosed?
  • 9. What communications must be disclosed or registered?
  • More...

Government relations—Italy—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to government relations in Italy published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: March 2021).

Authors: Gianni & Origoni—Alberto Pera; Francesco Salerno

1. What is the basic source of law? Describe the scope of, and limitations on, government power relevant to the regulation of lobbying and government relations.

The basic source of law in Italy is the 1947 Constitution. The section on rights and duties of citizens contains provisions equivalent to a bill of rights in common law jurisdictions, setting out basic principles on citizens' rights to freely assemble, freedom of association and free speech. The right to petition Parliament is enshrined in the section on political rights and duties (article 50), according to which any private citizen can petition Parliament to ask for legislation or for common necessities; this right of popular legislative proposal is subject to conditions as set out in enacting laws. By contrast, the Constitution does not provide for a right to petition the government.

2. Describe the legislative system as it relates to lobbying.

Italy is a parliamentary republic whose legislative branch is composed of two chambers, the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. Both branches are elected by direct and universal suffrage every five years. A legislative proposal needs the approval of

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