Government investigations—Greece—Q&A guide

The following Public Law practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Government investigations—Greece—Q&A guide
  • 1. What government agencies are principally responsible for the enforcement of civil and criminal laws and regulations applicable to businesses?
  • 2. What is the scope of each agency’s enforcement authority? Can the agencies pursue actions against corporate employees as well as the company itself? Do they typically do this?
  • 3. Can multiple government entities simultaneously investigate the same target business? Must they coordinate their investigations? May they share information obtained from the target and on what terms?
  • 4. In what fora can civil charges be brought? In what fora can criminal charges be brought?
  • 5. Is there a legal concept of corporate criminal liability? How does the government prove that a corporation is criminally liable for the acts of its officers, directors or employees?
  • 6. Must the government evaluate any particular factors in deciding whether to bring criminal charges against a corporation?
  • 7. What requirements must be met before a government entity can commence a civil or criminal investigation?
  • 8. What events commonly trigger a government investigation? Do different enforcement entities have different triggering events?
  • 9. What protections are whistle-blowers entitled to?
  • More...

Government investigations—Greece—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to government investigations in Greece published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: June 2020).

Authors: Ioannis Giannidis Law Firm—Ioannis Giannidis; Natasha Kaisari; Panagiotis Koureleas

1. What government agencies are principally responsible for the enforcement of civil and criminal laws and regulations applicable to businesses?

The Greek Constitution acknowledges the separation of the judiciary from the legislative and executive powers. Courts are classified as administrative courts (dealing with administrative disputes arising from the actions or omissions of the administration), civil courts (handling mainly private disputes between citizens) and criminal courts (dealing with the commission of criminal offences, criminal proceedings against the alleged perpetrator and the imposition of criminal sanctions on the convicted defendant).*

The competent authorities for investigating cases involving serious fraud, bribery, money laundering offences and similar misconduct and imposing the corresponding penalties on businesses or individuals are either the criminal or the administrative authorities.

The enforcement of criminal laws is entrusted to prosecutors, investigating judges and criminal courts. In general, criminal proceedings for serious offences – such as fraud, corruption, money laundering and criminal tax cases – start with a preliminary inquiry ordered by a prosecutor and conducted either by the prosecutor or by magistrates, police officers or special investigating officers (under the prosecutor’s supervision).

Depending on the type of

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