The following TMT practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Although its popularity has declined in recent years in favour of permissive licences such as MIT, a significant amount of software remains licensed under the GPL 2.0—see Practice Note: Free and open source software—Free and open source licences for data on the popularity of top open source licences. It is a controversial and widely-discussed licence, primarily because of the copyleft consequences which are strongly inconsistent with commercial software licensing practices.
Under the GPL 2.0, any work that is distributed or published, that in whole or in part contains or is derived from the GPL program or any part of it, must be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third parties under the terms of the GPL 2.0. Among other things, this requires enabling recipients to copy, modify, and redistribute the work and requires the licensee to make the source code available.
There is significant debate about the triggering events that bring this provision into play. In particular, the meaning of ‘distribute’ and when, exactly, a piece of software ‘contains or is derived from’ the GPL-covered software.
This Practice Note sets out the text of the GPL 2.0 and highlights key issues.
Note that American spellings are used when quoting US material or referring to a specific licence title. It also uses the term ‘open source’ to refer to all types of free and open source
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What is a company's constitution?A company’s 'constitution' is defined under the Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006) as including:•the company’s articles of association, and•any resolutions and agreements affecting a company’s constitutionThe CA 2006 definition of 'constitution' is not exhaustive and also
There may be times when, rather than assigning the benefit of an agreement to a third party, the original parties wish instead to end their obligations to each other under that agreement and, in effect, recreate it, with the third party stepping into the shoes of one of the original parties. This is
This Practice Note provides guidance on the interpretation and application of the relevant provisions of the CPR. Depending on the court in which your matter is proceeding, you may also need to be mindful of additional provisions—see further below.Note: this Practice Note does not deal with the
IntroductionShari'ah (also Sharia, Shariah or Shari’a) (literally, in Arabic, 'the path towards the watering place') or Islamic law is the legal system of the religion of Islam that sets out a system of duties or code of conduct for individuals to follow so that they may live their life in a
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