The following In-house Advisor practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The following jurisdictions are covered in this report:
Belgium; Canada; China; Finland; Germany; India; Puerto Rico; Turkey; USA
The set of questions relating to the topic of Distribution & Agency and answered by the guide for each jurisdiction covered include:
May a foreign supplier establish its own entity to import and distribute its products in your jurisdiction?
May a foreign supplier be a partial owner with a local company of the importer of its products?
What types of business entities are best suited for an importer owned by a foreign supplier? How are they formed? What laws govern them?
Does your jurisdiction restrict foreign businesses from operating in the jurisdiction, or limit foreign investment in or ownership of domestic business entities?
May the foreign supplier own an equity interest in the local entity that distributes its products?
What are the tax considerations for foreign suppliers and for the formation of an importer owned by a foreign supplier? What taxes are applicable to foreign businesses and individuals that operate in your jurisdiction or own interests in local businesses?
What alternative distribution relationships are available to a supplier?
What laws and government agencies regulate the relationship between a supplier and its distributor, agent or other representative? Are there industry self-regulatory constraints or other restrictions that may govern the distribution relationship?
Are there any restrictions on a supplier’s
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Voluntary manslaughterVoluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element for murder) but which are reduced to manslaughter because of one of the three special defences (loss of control, diminished responsibility or suicide
This Practice Note explains certain common financial covenants used in commercial finance transactions including:•minimum net worth test•gearing ratio•leverage ratio (or debt to equity ratio)•current ratio (or acid test ratio)•cashflow ratio•interest cover ratio, and•loan to value ratioIt explains:
Millett LJ subdivided types of constructive trust into two categories, distinguishing between:•the constructive trust proper, where equity intervenes to prevent the legal owner from unconscionably denying the beneficial interest of another (known as the institutional constructive trust)•the
Case number [insert number][In the principal registryORIn the [insert court location] FAMILY court]Sitting at [insert place]Notice of actingBetween[insert petitioner name]Petitionerand[insert respondent name]RespondentTake notice that we [insert name of firm] have been appointed to act as the
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