The following Family practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note details the procedure for applying for a gender recognition certificate (GRC) under the Gender Recognition Act 2004 (GRA 2004), the process for appeals and registration and the effect of a GRC. It also considers how an application will be determined by a Gender Recognition Panel, requirements as to medical evidence and amendments to GRA 2004 made by the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (M(SSC)A 2013) and the Civil Partnership (Opposite-sex Couples) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/1458.
The enactment of GRA 2004 on 4 April 2004 followed two decisions in the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR): Goodwin v UK and I v UK. In Goodwin the ECtHR made it clear that the denial of the right of post-operative transsexuals to change their birth registration to record their reassigned sex, and the denial of their right to marry a person of the opposite sex to that reassigned gender, constituted breaches of arts 8 and 12 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). In addition, that the situation no longer fell within the UK's margin of appreciation.
On 3 July 2018, the government issued a consultation on the reform of GRA 2004 following responses to a government survey that indicated that the current process is ‘too bureaucratic, expensive and intrusive’. The consultation closed on 22 October 2018. On 22 September 2020, the Minister for
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This Practice Note considers the nature and scope of arbitration agreements with a particular focus on arbitration agreements pursuant to the law of England and Wales, although it also discusses the concept from an international perspective and includes some comparative examples from other
BREXIT: As of 31 January 2020, the UK is no longer an EU Member State, but has entered an implementation period during which it continues to be treated by the EU as a Member State for many purposes. As a third country, the UK can no longer participate in the EU’s political institutions, agencies,
LiabilityFalse imprisonment consists of the complete deprivation of liberty without a lawful basis. Claims will in practice be made against a public body that exercises detention powers, usually a local police force, the Secretary of State for the Home Department or the Secretary of State for
What is a third party debt order (TPDO)?Third party debt orders were previously known as 'garnishee' orders and operated under the regime provided for in CCR Ord 30 and RSC Ord 49 (now revoked). Although the rules in CPR 72 are new, many of the principles with which they are concerned are well
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